Psilocybe Cubensis grows in many different climates and is particularly popular in North America, particularly on the Eastern seaboard. It is also cultivated in Japan, mainland China and a number of Asian countries. The most highly documented of its species are the three varieties produced by hobbyists: P. cubensis, P. barboceana and P. flavimaculatus. Cultivation of Psilocybe is best left to professionals, as the procedures used can be complex and require access to specialized equipment.
Personal-scale cultivation of psilocybe cubensis requires knowledge of mushroom growing practices, especially of how to cultivate mushrooms of smaller amounts that will germinate and grow into mushrooms. In this way, the resulting product will be smaller and with a reduced number of spores. The three known psilocybe species all have about 100 spores per gram of dry mass. Personal-scale cultivating of psilocybe cubensis requires the use of a sterile, nylon stocking and mushroom spores in a sterile environment.
The most widespread of all known psilocybe species are the three currently described. The scientific names for these fungi are P. cubensis, P. barboceana and P. flavimaculatus. All have been previously cultured and identified from soil, although not in great detail. All are known growers. There have been very few attempts to cultivate psilocybe and these are based upon much anecdotal evidence, rather than controlled laboratory research.
A good way to begin cultivating psilocybe cubensis is to make use of organic materials in which the organisms may multiply. These can be varied, from seaweed, brown rice flour and wood chips, as well as dried fruit, meat and bones. It is important to culture the mushrooms on suitable media to begin with. Then once these fungi are in a suitable condition to initiate growth, add the appropriate substrate.
The most common names for the psilocybe fungi that appear on mushroom stems are mushrooms. These can be collected from natural sources, or collected in their natural environments and then frozen. Occasionally, mushrooms may bear labels that state they have been harvested from an infected mushroom. This is often to distinguish them from psilocybe brunneus, which bears no label, therefore the mushrooms are commonly collected under the common names of mushrooms and psilocybe.
Culturing of psilocybe has not been without its problems. In a controlled cultivation situation, this can cause undesirable contaminants to accumulate in the culture vessels and result in the growth of unwanted organisms. Such organisms are commonly known as contamination and are capable of causing serious contamination and sometimes even fatalities. This is due to the fact that the mushrooms used in the culture system may contain the same elements that are naturally present in the environment. However, it is now known that most cultivated mushrooms are consistently free of any and all contaminants.
Two of the most common and active compounds found in psilocybe cubensis are psilocin and psilocybe meyenii. It is also commonly assumed that psilocybe is identical to psilocin, as both are highly effective when used in producing visionary and auditory hallucinations. However, it has been established that neither psilocybe nor psilocin is actually contained within the active compounds of psilocybe. Psilocybe meyenii is completely natural species of fungi, whose primary resources are sugar and water.
In order to obtain fresh psilocybe Cubensis, it is best to pick the mushrooms from their gills. A good number of consumers choose to pick the mushrooms directly from their mushrooms. The reason for this is two fold. First of all, the spores of this species are too small to be picked with a hand or even a finger. Second of all, the amount of time necessary for spoilage to occur is significant.